Our fitting guides will help you to lay artificial grass with ease!
How to lay artificial grass
A complete installation guide from start to finish showing exactly how to install artificial grass. From turf cutting, to leveling and sand infill this guide shows you all the required steps for creating a wonderful artificial lawn.
1. Before you begin laying the astroturf, measure the area when quoting for the job. Gridding the area in roll sizes of 2m or 4m widths. Rolls are made to a standard size of 4x25m, so you will need to consider wastage factors. Grass should always be installed in the same direction.
2. When the install date arrives, remove turf with a sharp spade or preferably a mechanical turf cutter.
3. Using a sharp spade, create a chamfered finish at perimeters. Set at approximately 30-35mm below perimeter edgings.
4. Using a rake, level the area off to natural falls, as you don’t want humps or bumps before installing the stone base. Where there is no edge to butt into, install our edging product.
5. Install a liberal layer of 6mm-10mm to dust granite stone or similar. Using a rake, level the area out creating a crowned profile to produce a natural appearance to the installation. Note: On soft/un-stable ground, a type-1 stone base will be required before installing the fine granite stone.
6. Set and finish perimeter heights at approx. 15mm below the edge system.
7. Now wet down the area and compact.
8. Once complete, install the weed membrane. This should be stretched out and fixed using 4″ nails around the perimeters and then trimmed.
9. Unroll the grass and position ideally running the pile towards the house on back gardens and the reverse on front lawns (i.e. facing out).
10. When laying the artificial grass, ensure it fits up to the outer perimeters. Where there is an obstacle (like a tree or post), fold the grass back and decide the shortest route to cut. Then cut between the tufts. Take care not to trim any of the blades of grass as this will create a poor seam.
11. Where the grass fits too tight around the obstacle, splice the carpet starting at the bottom of the obstacle. This releases any tension and allows the grass to lay flat. The two edges that have been cut to go around the post should come together. If not, this indicates that the grass is still under tension and will need further cutting.
12. To join sections of grass, lay the joining tape blotting side up (shiny side down). Nail this in place.
13. Before you continue fitting the artificial grass, check the alignment and then trim at the perimeter edge near the joint. This will ensure the joint is not disturbed once the artificial grass adhesive has been applied.
14. Using a mastic gun, apply a bead of adhesive just under the edge of the grass followed by another bead to the front edge grass. Carefully bring the second piece together taking care not to bury the tufts. Lightly pressurize the seam to disperse the adhesive.
15. Using 4″ galvanised nails, nail up the seam at leading edges and stager down the seam. Open the pile up to ensure the nails do not bury any tufts.
16. Trim perimeter edges and nail at corners and approximately every 0.75m.
17. Where the pile runs away from the perimeter edges, Kink the carpet and brush the pile with hand to encourage the pile to run into the edge.
18. Finally, once you have completed laying the artificial grass and it has been seamed and nailed, install a heavy layer of Kiln Dried Sand into the perimeters. Ensure you claw the pile open to ensure the perimeter edges are completely loaded with sand. When you do not have the use of a hopper of mechanical brush and blower, cut holes in the bags of sand and apply evenly.
19. Apply 6-8kgs per sqm. Using a stiff yard brush, brush the sand in to the pile, always brushing the pile open.
How to cut into a hard edge
Edging is a particular skill in laying artificial grass. In this video learn how to cut against a hard edge.
Trimming to Perimeter
1. Where we have excessive waste running in to a perimeter wall, fold over and cut the bulk of the waste away.
2. Now cut the grass in to the perimeter using a good quality knife using the wall / perimeter to guide the blade.
3. Remove waste.
4. Using the back of your blade, brush the pile open.
How to join artificial grass
Joining artificial turf is an important aspect of any installation. Learn how to make a professional join.
1. Unroll the two pieces ensuring the pile runs in the same direction.
2. Fold over each piece approximately 300mm.
3. To ensure a perfect seam, always cut a minimum of 3 rows of tufts back, taking care not to trim any grass blades as this will result in a poor seam.
4. If the knife has penetrated the backing too far resulting in trimmed blades, this will produce a poor seam. Re-cut before proceeding.
5. Now unroll the joining tape down the center line of the join ensuring the shiny side is down and the blotting side is up. Fix at either end with a nail or adhesive.
6. Now fold over the grass on to the tape and bring together ensuring the seam has a 2-3mm gap. Too tight or too much of a gap will result in a poor seam.
7. Fold over the grass where the pile runs over the edge of the seam.
8. Using a mastic gun apply a bead of adhesive just under the edge of the first section of grass followed by a second bead of adhesive to the front edge to accommodate the second piece.
9. Now with an assistant, bring the seam together. It is very important to ensure no grass blades are buried during this process. Once completed, lightly pressurize the seam to disperse adhesive then check seams every 0.5m to ensure the seam does not part whilst install proceeds.
Maintaining an Artificial Lawn
To keep your ArtificialGrass.com lawn looking good, a regular maintenance program is always recommended to ensure maximum life expectancy. As an outdoor product open to the elements, there is inevitably some periodic light work you should carry out.
Follow these few simple steps:
1. To reduce the risk of airborne weeds, remove leaves and debris using a petrol leaf blower, a stiff brush or a plastic rake. Additionally, regularly trimming back hedges and over hanging trees will limit the amount of leaves falling onto the lawn.
2. Regular maintenance in the form of a weed killer twice a year to the whole area is paramount to further reduce a risk of airborne weed growth. If any weeds do grow, these are easily removed.
3. Artificial grass is mostly self-cleaning. However, if the grass needs cleaning, you can hose down the area with a light detergent and a stiff or mechanical brush.
4. To eradicate dog urine odours and mess, use a specialist artificial grass cleaner such as PoopClenz and PeeClenz.
Please be aware that mirrors or mirrored walls and other heat sources such as barbeques and hedge cutters can have an adverse effect on the surface and are not recommended to be used where artificial grass is laid as any damage caused by such items will not be covered by our warranty.
As you would expect, garden furniture can be used on the lawn but we recommend regularly moving the position of the furniture to allow the grass pile below to recover.
These guides should have hopefully aided you in knowing how to lay our artificial grass products. If you have any questions about these guides or any of the materials used, please do not hesitate to get in touch with us at firstname.lastname@example.org or on 0843 224 7878.